Taekwondo is a Korean unarmed martial art and combat sport with an emphasis on self-defense. Literally translated, tae foot, kwon fist and do means the art of or the way. Freely translated, taekwondo means: the way of the foot and fist.
As a martial art, taekwondo has three competitive disciplines, namely full contact sparring, style forms and Hanmadang. Hanmadang is a taekwondo festival in which participating is more important than winning. In Hanmadang, there are various components, including power breaking tests, freestyle poomsae, hosinsul (self-defense) demo, etc. Sparring is an Olympic discipline since 2000. In 1988, there was a very impressive taekwondo demo at the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games in Seoul.
For the serious taekwondo practitioner, it is more than just a martial art. So not just the use of the hand and foot, but a way of thinking, a way of self-discipline and development of self-confidence. Or in other words, the balance between body and mind.
Through training, a student develops self-confidence, discipline, physical health, coordination and self-defense. Taekwondo is seen as an art of self-defense, which can be used for justice and defending the weaker. It is an art that is not only for strong people, but can be practiced by anyone. On April 11, 1955, the name Taekwondo was first mentioned after several prominent Korean grandmasters of various martial arts formed a national martial art called taekwondo and under the direction of General Choi.